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Instrumental Music of the Renaissance. Instrumental music throughout the Renaissance was closely associated with vocal music. ... In secular music, the lute remained popular both for solos and in ensembles; clavier instruments were coming into wider use, and hundreds of pieces were written for chamber music ensembles.
Music was an essential part of civic, religious, and courtly life in the Renaissance. ... The most important music of the early Renaissance was composed for use by the church—polyphonic (made up of several simultaneous melodies) masses and motets in Latin for important churches and court chapels.